GCSE

GCSE Paper 1

All four texts are reccomended reading

 

 

GCSE Paper 2

GCSE Paper 2

GCSE Paper 3

Revision Guides - Links to Amazon for students to 'Look Inside' 

   Henry VIII Revision Guide

   Cold War Revision Guide

     Nazi Germany Revision

           Cold War Revision

     Nazi Germany Revision 

        Medicine Revision 

The British sector of the Western Front, 1914–18: surgery and treatment

 

 

1 The British sector of the Western Front, 1914–18: surgery and treatment

  1. The context of the British sector of Western Front and the theatre of war, including the rural landscape, the battle front, the trench system and the medical facilities behind the lines. 

 

  1. Conditions requiring medical treatment on the Western Front, including the problems of ill health caused by conditions in the trenches and the nature of wounds from rifles used by snipers and in battle and from explosives. The problem of shrapnel and wound infection. The effects of gas attacks, including the use of chlorine gas at Loos (1915), chlorine-phosgene at Ypres (1915) and mustard gas at Ypres (1917). 
  2. Recovery and treatment of the wounded. The problem in dealing with the high number of casualties, including in the Battle of the Somme. The RAMC and system of transport, treatment and facilities at various stages: aid post and field ambulance, dressing station, casualty clearing station and base hospital. 
  3. Developments in surgery and medicine, including: new techniques in the treatment of wounds and infection, the search for effective treatment after a gas attack, the attempts to deal with increased numbers of head injuries. 
  4. The historical context of medicine in the early twentieth century: the understanding of infection and moves towards aseptic surgery; Geoffrey Marshall’s work on anaesthetics; the development of x-rays and use of mobile x-ray units to detect shrapnel; blood transfusions – limitations caused by the need for donor-to-patient transfusions, developments in storing blood and blood banks. 

 

How do you fix a face that hs been blown off by shrapnel? - BBC iwonder

 

2 Knowledge, selection and use of sources for historical enquiries

  1. Knowledge of national sources relevant to the period and issue, e.g. army records, national newspapers, government reports, medical articles. 
  2. Knowledge of local sources relevant to the period and issue, e.g. personal accounts, photographs, hospital records, army statistics. 
  3. Recognition of the strengths and weaknesses of different types of source for specific enquiries. 
  4. Framing of questions relevant to the pursuit of a specific enquiry. 
  5. Selection of appropriate sources for specific investigations. 

 

Superpower Relations and The Cold war

 GCSE Paper 2 Period Study

 

 

Assessment

 

Written examination: 1 hour and 45 minutes
40%* of the qualification
64 marks (32 for the period study and 32 for the British depth study)

 

Assessment overview Section A: Period study

Students answer three questions that assess their knowledge and understanding. The first two questions are compulsory. For the third question, students select two out of three parts.

Section B: British depth study

Students answer a single three-part question that assesses their knowledge and understanding. The first two parts are compulsory. For the third part, students select one from a choice of two.

 

 

 

 

Key topic 1: The origins of the Cold War, 1941–58

 

1 Early tension between East and West

 

● The Grand Alliance. The outcomes of the Tehran, Yalta and Potsdam conferences. 

● The ideological differences between the superpowers and the attitudes of Stalin, Truman and Churchill. 

● The impact on US-Soviet relations of the development of the atomic bomb, the Long and Novikov telegrams 

   The creation of Soviet satellite states in Eastern Europe

 

Lessons

 

Lesson - Ideology - What is ideology and how does it affect both ourselves and countries?

 

Activity - QED - A Guide to Armageddon - How did the development of nuclear wars change the rivalry betwen the USA and USSR into a different type of international confrontation than had existed before?

 

Worksheet

 

Ext - NukeMaps

 

Ext - The Nuclear Revolution - Reading Article

 

Lesson - Introduction to the Cold War

 

Activity - Boardworks Presentation - What were the origins and causes of the Cold War and how did it emerge from an alliance that fought and defaeted both Germany and Japan?

 

Worksheet

 

Lesson - The Big Three - Tehran (1943), Yalta (1945), Potsdam (1945)

 

Activity - What was discussed, agreed and argued over. How did the conferences contribute to the Cold War?

 

Activity - Boardworks Presentation

 

Worksheet

 

Ext - How Empires Die - Reading Article

 

Ext - Cold War Ep.1 - Comrades - Both the United States and the Soviet Union drifted apart after the Russian Revolution of 1917, the Russian Civil War and the Paris Peace Conference. Diplomatic and extensive trading relationships were established under Roosevelt, but relations soured following the Soviet occupation of the Baltic States and eastern Poland. After Hitler broke the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact the Western powers worked closely with the Soviet Union during the Second World War. Distrust reemerged as Stalin's plans for placing Eastern Europe in the Soviet Union's sphere of influence became apparent towards the war's end, and came to the fore at the Potsdam Conference, just before the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Interviewees include George F. KennanVladimir Yerofeyev, Zoya Zarubina, Hugh Lunghi and George Elsey. The pre-credits scene shows the US Congress nuclear bunker at The Greenbrier, and introduces the television series by explaining how for several decades the world was close to a nuclear holocaust.

 

Lesson - The Long & Novikov Telegrams - How did their interpretations in Washington and Moscow contribute to the Cold War?

 

2 The development of the Cold War 

 

● The impact on US-Soviet relations of the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan, 1947. 

● The significance of Cominform (1947), Comecon (1949) and the formation of NATO (1949). 

● Berlin: its division into zones. The Berlin Crisis (blockade and airlift) and its impact. 

   The formation of the Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic. 

 

Lessons

 

Lesson - The Marshall Plan and Truman Doctrine

 

Ext - Cold War Ep.3 - The Marshall Plan - For both altruistic and self-serving purposes, the United States provides massive grants of aid to the countries of Europe in the form of the Marshall Plan. Stalin, concerned that the intent of the Marshall Plan is to weaken Soviet influence in Europe, prevents countries in its orbit from participating, and establishes the rival Council for Mutual Economic Assistance. Communists come to power through a coup in Czechoslovakia in 1948. Tito, while originally aligned to the Soviet Union, adopts a more independent foreign policy and eventually switches to receiving Marshall Aid Assistance. The CIA and the Catholic Church conspire to help oust the Italian Communist Party and its coalition allies in the 1948 Italian election. The Marshall Plan has the effect of modernising European economies and societies, bringing Western Europe closer together, and closer to the United States. Interviewees include Vladimir YerofeyevGianni Agnelli and Giulio Andreotti. The pre-credits scene portrays the squalor in post-war Italy, and Truman delivering his Truman Doctrine speech of 1947.

 

Lesson - Cominform, Comecon, The Warsaw Pact and NATO - How diod their establishment reflect the deterirotaing circumstances of the Cold War and contribute to it?

 

Lesson - The Arms Race - An arms race simulation played out against the context of the Cold War

 

3 The Cold War intensifies 

 

● The significance of the arms race and the formation of the Warsaw Pact. 

● Events in 1956 leading to the Hungarian Uprising, and Khrushchev’s response. 

● The international reaction to the Soviet invasion of Hungary. 

 

Lessons

 

Lesson - The Berlin Blockade

 

Worksheet

Video - Historyfile

 

Ext - Cold War Ep.4 - Berlin - By 1947, the United States placed as a high priority the revival of the German economy, an approach opposed by the Soviet Union. After the introduction of a Deutsche Mark the Soviet Union began to allow increasingly stringent checks on passenger and cargo flows travelling to the French, British and American sectors of Berlin, located in the heart of East Germany. This ultimately led to a blockade on all rail and road transport linking West Berlin, but an extensive airlift operation (Operation Vittles) allowed the city to survive. The Communists were however successful in staging a putsch in the Berlin municipal government, eventually leading to the divisions of both Berlin and Germany. Interviewees include Gail HalvorsenSir Freddie Laker and Clark Clifford. The pre-credits scene shows the Berlin airlift in operation.

 

Lesson - The Formation of the FDR and GDR

 

Students will study fact files on both East and West Germany and understand how the deteriorating relations between the USA and USSR left the original Yalta agreed partition of Germany into four zones of occupation hanging in limbo. hey will then be tested on their understanding.

 

Unable to agree on a united way forward, the western allies, spurred on by a reaction to Stalin's percieved hostile moves over Berlin united their three zones of occupation into the FDR. Stalin's response was to organise his zone of occupation into the GDR. Separated by the Iron Curtain, Germany would be split into two countries, mutually hostile to one another.

 

West Berlin, deep inside the GDR however, would remain a route by which over 3 million East Germans would escape to the west. Ultimately, this would result in Kruschev building the Berlin Wall in order to prevent the exodus.

 

Lesson - The Hungarian Uprising and Kruschev's response

 

Worksheet

Video - Historyfile

 

Ext - Cold War - Ep.5 - After Stalin -Nikita Khrushchev becomes Soviet leader after the death of Stalin. Khrushchev rolls back a number of oppressive measures that existed under Stalin, restores relations with Yugoslavia and redirects resources to consumer needs. In a secret speech to the Soviet leadership he condemns Stalin's ruthless rule. West Germany is allowed to rearm, provoking the formation of the Warsaw Pact. Khruschev still wants Eastern Europe to remain within the Soviet orbit - he sends in troops to quell revolts in East Germany, Poland and, most significantly, Hungary. Interviewees include Anatoly Dobrynin, Charles Wheeler and Sergei Khrushchev. The pre-credits scene shows life in Soviet Union under Stalin's personality cult.

 

Key topic 2: Cold War crises, 1958–70 

 

1 Increased tension between East and West 

● The refugee problem in Berlin, Khrushchev’s Berlin ultimatum (1958), and the summit meetings of 1959–61. 

● Soviet relations with Cuba, the Cuban Revolution and the refusal of the USA to recognise Castro’s government. The significance of the Bay of Pigs incident. 

● Opposition in Czechoslovakia to Soviet control: the Prague Spring. 

 

Lessons

 

Lesson - Berlin and the Pariis and Vienna Summits

 

With the Cold War chnged after the death of Stalin, the issue of Berlin remains. Impossible to defend by the West, Eisenhower is more open to a political solution to the issue of the isolated city. Krushchev will issue an ultimatum on this point in the light of the city serving as an exit route to millions of disaffected East Germans and, therefore in his opinion violating the Yalta agreements over the city. Attempts to. ove forward after the Wests decsion to ignore his ultimatum end following the failure of the Paris Summit after the shooting down of the US U2 spy plane.

 

Following the election of JFK, Berlin again will become central to the conflict as the city serves as a means of supporting each leaders legitimacy to rule their respective countries.JFK uses Berlin to illustrate his power, prestige and legitimacy having one the narrowest election in US Presidential history and defelcting claims thta he is weak on communism following the failure at The Bay of Pigs. Krushchev equally needs to address the issue of Berlin to hold onto power in the USSR and emove the symbol of West Berlin.

 

Lesson - The Bay of Pigs

 

With the Colld War in Europe deadlocked both sides seek diffrent opportunities to gain the upper hand. The USSR takes the lead in both the space race and expolits the Cuban Revolution of 1959 to lure Fidel Castro into the Soviet spehere of interest. A communist state only 70 miles from Florida cannot be tolertated by the USA and Eisenhower plans to topple the new government through the use of disaffcected anti-Castro, Cuban exiles. JFK will inherit this plan in the first weeks of his administration and fatally decide not to support the invasion with US air support for fear of directly antagonising the USSR.leading to the failure of the invasion.

 

Consequently, Castro will fear future US attempts to overthrow him, driving his closer into the hands of Krushchev, whilst JFK will  not be allowed to ever look weak again in tolertaing the spread of communism. This will be tested when Krushchev offer nuclear weapons to Cuba as a defence against future US aggression.....

 

Ext - Cold War - Ep.10 - Fidel Castro comes to power following the Cuban Revolution. Cuba aligns itself with the Soviet Union and the government starts nationalising American interests, resulting in the United States imposing an economic boycott, and the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion. Following the detection of Soviet medium range missiles stationed in Cuba, the United States imposes a blockade on the island, and the Soviet Union mobilises for war. The Cuban Missile Crisis is eventually resolved through secret negotiations, in which the United States and the USSR agree to withdraw missiles from Cuba and Turkey respectively. Interviewees include Fidel Castro, Walter Cronkite, Pierre Salinger and Theodore Sorensen. The pre-credits scene has interviews of Fidel Castro, Robert McNamara and Anatoly Dobrynin explaining how close they felt the world was to a nuclear holocaust.

 

Lesson - The Prague Spring - What facrtors contributed to the events within Czechoslovakia in 1968?

 

Ext - Cold War - Ep14 - Likewise the Soviet Union started the decade with growing openness and optimism. There was also an emerging cohort of youth with no memory of the privations and purges of the past, and who had a taste for Western music and fashion that alarmed the established order. Khrushchev sought, with limited success, to make the Soviet consumer economy more affluent, and he initiated housing construction and the poorly organised Virgin Lands Campaign. Khrushchev's erratic leadership style, his handling of the Cuban Missile Crisis and a poor 1963 harvest eventually led to his removal from power. Czechoslovakia had an even more profound transformation under Alexander Dubček, who introduced human rights and free market reforms. However the Prague Spring was opposed by Soviet Premier Leonid Brezhnev, and was ended abruptly in 1968. Interviewees include Miloš Forman, Vladimir Semichastny, Vasil Biľak and Yevgeny Yevtushenko. The pre-credits scene show Khrushchev and Czechoslovak leader Antonín Novotný demonstrating solidarity in 1964, in contrast to the Soviet Union ruling by brute force four years later.

 

2 Cold War crises 

 

● The construction of the Berlin Wall, 1961. 

● The events of the Cuban Missile Crisis. 

● The Brezhnev Doctrine and the re-establishment of Soviet control in Czechoslovakia. 

 

Lessons

 

Lesson - The Berlin Wall - What was the on-hgoing naartive of events that contrbuted to Kruschev's decision to build the Wall in Berlin that would turn an already symbolic city into something even

 

Ext - Cold War - Ep.9 - West Germany, and West Berlin, become more affluent, prompting a surge of East Germans to cross the borders in Berlin, kept open under the Four Power Agreement on Berlin. Khrushchev's demands that the Americans, British and French leave Berlin are opposed, and prospects for a peaceful resolution are dashed after the Soviets pull out of the Paris Summit in 1960 as a response to the U-2 incident. Overnight on August 12, 1961 East German police and military units divided the city of Berlin, and work commenced on building the Berlin Wall. Initial tensions culmulate in a stand-off between US and Soviet tanks. Kennedy visits Berlin in June 1963 and delivers his Ich bin ein Berliner speech. Interviewees include Anatoly Gribkov, Valentin Falin, Stefan Heym, Egon Bahr, Raymond L. Garthoff and Conrad Schumann. The pre-credits scene features East Berliners seeking to flee into the West.

 

Lesson - The Cuban Missile Crisis

 

Ext - Cold War - Ep.10 - Fidel Castro comes to power following the Cuban Revolution. Cuba aligns itself with the Soviet Union and the government starts nationalising American interests, resulting in the United States imposing an economic boycott, and the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion. Following the detection of Soviet medium range missiles stationed in Cuba, the United States imposes a blockade on the island, and the Soviet Union mobilises for war. The Cuban Missile Crisis is eventually resolved through secret negotiations, in which the United States and the USSR agree to withdraw missiles from Cuba and Turkey respectively. Interviewees include Fidel Castro, Walter Cronkite, Pierre Salinger and Theodore Sorensen. The pre-credits scene has interviews of Fidel Castro, Robert McNamara and Anatoly Dobrynin explaining how close they felt the world was to a nuclear holocaust.

 

Lesson - The Brezhnev Doctrine

 

Following the fall of Kruschev, how would the new leadership of Leonid Brezhnev deal with the economic and millitay challeges posed by the West. As Western Europe becomes increasingly prosperous the decline and stagnation of the Communist Bloc becaomes even more apparent. The Czech economy is crucial to the USSR yet, its decline is causing unrest in a country with both borders to West Germany and the USSR. How much refrom will Brezhnev allow the new Czech leader, Dubcek, to undertake? The ghosts of Hungary in 1956 rear their heads again.

 

Ext - Cold War - Ep14 - Likewise the Soviet Union started the decade with growing openness and optimism. There was also an emerging cohort of youth with no memory of the privations and purges of the past, and who had a taste for Western music and fashion that alarmed the established order. Khrushchev sought, with limited success, to make the Soviet consumer economy more affluent, and he initiated housing construction and the poorly organised Virgin Lands Campaign. Khrushchev's erratic leadership style, his handling of the Cuban Missile Crisis and a poor 1963 harvest eventually led to his removal from power. Czechoslovakia had an even more profound transformation under Alexander Dubček, who introduced human rights and free market reforms. However the Prague Spring was opposed by Soviet Premier Leonid Brezhnev, and was ended abruptly in 1968. Interviewees include Miloš Forman, Vladimir Semichastny, Vasil Biľak and Yevgeny Yevtushenko. The pre-credits scene show Khrushchev and Czechoslovak leader Antonín Novotný demonstrating solidarity in 1964, in contrast to the Soviet Union ruling by brute force four years later.

 

3 Reaction to crisis 

 

● Impact of the construction of the Berlin Wall on US-Soviet relations. Kennedy’s visit to Berlin in 1963. 

● The consequences of the Cuban Missile Crisis: the ‘hotline’, the Limited Test Ban Treaty 1963; the Outer Space Treaty 1967; and the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty 1968. 

● International reaction to Soviet measures in Czechoslovakia. 

 

Key topic 3: The end of the Cold War, 1970–91 

 

1 Attempts to reduce tension between East and West 

 

● Détente in the 1970s, SALT 1, Helsinki, and SALT 2. 

● The significance of Reagan and Gorbachev’s changing attitudes. 

● Gorbachev’s ‘new thinking’ and the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Force (INF) Treaty 1987. 

 

2 Flashpoints 

 

● The significance of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the Carter Doctrine and the Olympic boycotts. 

● Reagan and the ‘Second Cold War’, the Strategic Defence Initiative. 

 

3 The collapse of Soviet control of Eastern Europe

 

● The impact of Gorbachev’s ‘new thinking’ on Eastern Europe: the loosening Soviet grip on Eastern Europe. 

● The significance of the fall of the Berlin Wall. 

● The collapse of the Soviet Union and its significance in bringing about the end of the Warsaw Pact. 

 

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Henry VIII and His Ministers

 GCSE Paper 2 Period Study

 

 

Assessment

 

Written examination: 1 hour and 45 minutes
40%* of the qualification
64 marks (32 for the period study and 32 for the British depth study)

 

Assessment overview Section A: Period study

Students answer three questions that assess their knowledge and understanding. The first two questions are compulsory. For the third question, students select two out of three parts.

Section B: British depth study

Students answer a single three-part question that assesses their knowledge and understanding. The first two parts are compulsory. For the third part, students select one from a choice of two.

The Course

Key Topic 1: Henry VIII and Wolsey, 1509-29

1 Henry VIII, Renaissance Prince

England in 1509: society and government. The young Hnery and his acession to the throne

Henry's character and views on sovereignty and monarchy. His personalstyle of government

Strengths, weaknesses and aims as a monarch

Lessons

Henry Introduction

Henry VIII The Renaissance Prince

England in 1509

2 The rise of Wolsey and his policies

Reasons for Wolsey's rise to power. His persdonality, roles and wealth

Wolsey's reform: enclosures, finace and justice. The Eltham Ordinances

Reasons for and reactions to the Aimicable Grant

Lessons

The rsie of Wolsey and his polices

Wolsey's reforms

Wolsey's domestic polices

Test

3 Wolsey’s foreign policy

●  Aims of Wolsey’s foreign policy.

●  Successes and failures, including relations with France and the Holy Roman Empire, the Treaty of London (1518), the ‘Field of the Cloth of Gold’ (1520) and increasing difficulties in the 1520s.

Lessons

  • Wolsey’s Foreign Policy

 

  • Wolsey’s Foreign Policy – Success or Failure?

 

  • Test

 

4 Wolsey, Catherine, the succession and annulment

 

●  Catherine of Aragon and the succession.

●  Henry’s reasons for and attempts to gain an annulment. Opposition to the annulment, including the role of Pope Clement VII.

●  Reasons for Wolsey’s fall from power, including the failure of the divorce proceedings in London, 1529. The influence of the Boleyns.

Lessons

- Catherine of Aragon and the succession

- Henry's reasons for divorce & opposition

- Wolsey's fall from power

- Rise of Ann Boleyn and Test

- Failure to gain an annulment essay

Key topic 2: Henry VIII and Cromwell, 1529–40

1 Cromwell’s rise to power, 1529–34

●  Personality and early career, including service to Wolsey, election as MP and eventual membership of the Royal Council.

●  Handling of the king’s annulment and influence over Henry. Role as the king’s Chief Minister.

Lessons

 

2 Cromwell, and the king’s marriages

●  Reasons for the fall of Anne Boleyn, including the role of Cromwell.

●  Jane Seymour: marriage, heir and death. The influence of the Seymours.

Lessons

 

3 Cromwell and government, 1534–40

●  Reform of government and royal finance.

●  The management and use of parliament.

4 The fall of Cromwell

●  The significance of Henry’s marriage to Anne of Cleves.

●  Reasons for Cromwell’s fall from power in 1540, including the influence of the Duke of Norfolk.

Lessons

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Key topic 3: The Reformation and its impact, 1529–40

1 The break with Rome

●  Henry as ‘Defender of the Faith’. Reasons for Henry’s campaign against the Pope and the Catholic Church, 1529–33.

●  The significance of the Act of Succession and the Act of Supremacy 1534. Cromwell’s role in their enforcement, including the use of oaths and treason laws.

Lessons

 

2 Opposition to, and impact of, Reformation, 1534–40

●  Elizabeth Barton (the Nun of Kent) and John Fisher.

●  The significance of opposition from Thomas More.

●  Impact of the Reformation on the English Church, including the work of Thomas Cranmer and the influence of Thomas Cromwell.

Lessons 

Weimar and Nazi Germany 1918-1939

            GCSE Paper 3 - Modern Depth

Assessment

Written examination: 1 hour and 20 minutes 30%* of the qualification
52 marks

Assessment overview Section A

Students answer a question based on a provided source and a question that assesses their knowledge and understanding.

Section B

Students answer a single four-part question, based on two provided sources and two provided interpretations.

Assessment/Marking/Feedback Templates

 

 

Key topic 1: The Weimar Republic 1918–29

 

1 The origins of the Republic, 1918–19

  1. The legacy of the First World War. The abdication of the Kaiser, the armistice and revolution, 1918–19. 
  2. The setting up of the Weimar Republic. The strengths and weaknesses of the new Constitution. 

Lessons

 

Lesson - The Nazis:A Warning From History - Helped to Power

Worksheet 

The Weimar Republic, 1918-24 - Why such troubled times? - Flipped reading activity

Test

 

Lesson - The Weimar Constitution - The rules of running a country and how different rules lead to not only democracy and dictatroship , but to a potentially infinite amount of variations even within democarcies. Students will study the purpose and aims of the Weimar Constition and critically reflect over the problems the Weimar Republic both inherited and created, as well as its ability to deal with them.

 

Voting Systems

 

Lesson - The Treaty of Versailles - Group Role Play simulation with members representing the UK, USA and France arguing to secure terms most favourable to their own national interest. In negotiating, arguing and compromising students will gain an insight into the motivatiosn behind punisihing Germany and the terms inflicted upon them.

 

Lesson - Exam Practice - Inference Questions: 4 Mark Questions

 

Lesson - The Sparctacist & Kapp Revolts - How did Weimar deal with the challeneges from both the LEFT and RIGHT wing of German politics and how we can use the political spectrum diagram to not just map these groups but undertsand their motivations

Political Compass

 

Lesson - Exam Practice - Mini Essay: 12 Mark Questions

 

2 The early challenges to the Weimar Republic, 1919–23

  1. Reasons for the early unpopularity of the Republic, including the ‘stab in the back’ theory and the key terms of the Treaty of Versailles. 
  2. Challenges to the Republic from Left and Right: Spartacists, Freikorps, the Kapp Putsch. 
  3. The challenges of 1923: hyperinflation; the reasons for, and effects of, the French occupation of the Ruhr. 

Lessons

 

Lesson - Inflation and Hyperinflation - What is inflation and why it is imporatnt to understand then as now. How did Weimar create the economic catastrophe of 1923? How was it linked to WWI and the Teaty of Versailles? What were the economic, sopcial and political consequences and how are they interlinked

 

Worksheet - Hyperinflation

Worksheet - Make Germany Pay

Video

 

Lesson - The Year of Crisis - How did the Weimar Republic survive the financial crisis of 1923 brought on by their failure to keep up the reparation payments to the Allies. How did an economic event have such massive social and political consequences for Germany and how dd it contrubute to the failed Nazi attempt to seize power in Munich in 1923?

 

Lesson - The Recovery Years and Domestic Policies of Stresseman - How did Stresseman lead Germany into the Golden Years of the Weimar Republic between 1924 and 1929

 

 

3 The recovery of the Republic, 1924–29

  1. Reasons for economic recovery, including the work of Stresemann, the Rentenmark, the Dawes and Young Plans and American loans and investment. 

      2. The impact on domestic policies of Stresemann’s achievements abroad: the Locarno Pact, joining the League of Nations   and the Kellogg-Briand Pact. 

 

Lessons 

 

Lesson - The Revovery Years & policies of Stresseman - Who was Gustav Stresseman, what policies did he initiate and how did they contribute to the recovery of Weimar Germany and usher in the Golden Years of 1924-29?

 

Activity - Stressemen and The Golden Years

 

4 Changes in society,1924–29

  1. Changes in the standard of living, including wages, housing, unemployment insurance. 
  2. Changes in the position of women in work, politics and leisure. 
  3. Cultural changes: developments in architecture, art and the cinema. 

 

Lessons 

 

Lesson - Weimar Culture - How did the Weimar Republics liberalism and tolerance affect German culture and aggravate traditional; conservative Germans?

 

Activity - Collective Memory - Social, Cultural and Economic Change

Video

Activity - Weimar to 1929 - A Summary

 

Key topic 2: Hitler’s rise to power, 1919-33

 

1 Early development of the Nazi Party, 1920–22

  1. Hitler’s early career: joining the German Workers’ Party and setting up the Nazi Party, 1919–20. 
  2. The early growth and features of the Party. The Twenty-Five Point Programme. The role of the SA. 

2 The Munich Putsch and the lean years, 1923–29

  1. The reasons for, events and consequences of the Munich Putsch. 
  2. Reasons for limited support for the Nazi Party, 1924–28. Party reorganisation and Mein Kampf. The Bamberg Conference of 1926. 

3 The growth in support for the Nazis, 1929–32

  1. The growth of unemployment – its causes and impact. The failure of successive Weimar governments to deal with unemployment from 1929 to January 1933. The growth of support for the Communist Party. 
  2. Reasons for the growth in support for the Nazi Party, including the appeal of Hitler and the Nazis, the effects of propaganda and the work of the SA. 

4 How Hitler became Chancellor, 1932–33

  1. Political developments in 1932. The roles of Hindenburg, Brüning, von Papen and von Schleicher. 
  2. The part played by Hindenburg and von Papen in Hitler becoming Chancellor in 1933. 

 

Key topic 3: Nazi control and dictatorship, 1933–39

 

1 The creation of a dictatorship, 1933–34

  1. The Reichstag Fire. The Enabling Act and the banning of other parties and trade unions. 
  2. The threat from Röhm and the SA, the Night of the Long Knives and the death of von Hindenburg. Hitler becomes Führer, the army and oath of allegiance. 

2 The police state

  1. The role of the Gestapo, the SS, the SD and concentration camps. 
  2. Nazi control of the legal system, judges and law courts. 
  3. Nazi policies towards the Catholic and Protestant Churches, including the Reich Church and the Concordat. 

3 Controlling and

influencing attitudes

  1. Goebbels and the Ministry of Propaganda: censorship, Nazi use of media, rallies and sport, including the Berlin Olympics of 1936. 
  2. Nazi control of culture and the arts, including art, architecture, literature and film. 

4 Opposition, resistance and conformity

  1. The extent of support for the Nazi regime. 
  2. Opposition from the Churches, including the role of Pastor Niemöller. 
  3. Opposition from the young, including the Swing Youth and the Edelweiss Pirates. 

 

Key topic 4: Life in Nazi Germany, 1933–39

 

1 Nazi policies towards women

  1. Nazi views on women and the family. 
  2. Nazi policies towards women, including marriage and family, employment and appearance. 

2 Nazi policies towards the young

  1. Nazi aims and policies towards the young. The Hitler Youth and the League of German Maidens. 
  2. Nazi control of the young through education, including the curriculum and teachers. 

3 Employment and living standards

  1. Nazi policies to reduce unemployment, including labour service, autobahns, rearmament and invisible unemployment. 
  2. Changes in the standard of living, especially of German workers. The Labour Front, Strength Through Joy, Beauty of Labour. 

4 The persecution of minorities

  1. Nazi racial beliefs and policies and the treatment of minorities: Slavs, ‘gypsies’, homosexuals and those with disabilities. 
  2. The persecution of the Jews, including the boycott of Jewish shops and businesses (1933), the Nuremberg Laws and Kristallnacht. 
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